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What Does Fuse Cutout Mean?
Jan 05, 2019

Fuse cutout

In electrical distribution, a fuse cutout or cut-out fuse is a combination of a fuse and a switch, used in primary overhead feeder lines and taps to protect distribution transformers from current surges and overloads. An overcurrent caused by a fault in the transformer or customer circuit will cause the fuse to melt, disconnecting the transformer from the line. It can also be opened manually by utility linemen standing on the ground and using a long insulating stick called a hot stick. A cutout consists of three major components: The cutout body, an open "C"-shaped frame that supports the "fuse holder" and a porcelain insulator that electrically isolates the conductive portions of the assembly from the support to which the insulator is fastened. The fuse holder, often called the "fuse tube" or "door", which contains the interchangeable fuse element and also acts as a simple knife switch. When the contained fuse operates or blows, the fuse holder will drop open, disengaging the knife switch, and hang from a hinge assembly. This hanging fuse holder provides a visible indication that the fuse has operated and assurance that the down-stream circuit is electrically isolated. The fuse element, or "fuse link", is the replaceable portion of the assembly that operates due to high electrical currents.


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